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環境自治体ベストプラクティス集 - 地域通貨

地域通貨


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地域通貨(ちいきつうか、、、)は、法定通貨ではないが、ある目的や地域のコミュニティー内などで、法定貨幣と同等の価値あるいは全く異なる価値があるものとして発行され使用される貨幣である。西部忠「今こそ「地域通貨」を見直そう」『エコノミスト』2002.10.29によれば、おおむね以下のような特徴を有するという重田正美「地域通貨の将来像―スイスの地域通貨「WIR」の事例を参考に―」『調査と情報』第484号、国立国会図書館、2005年6月16日
*特定の地域内(市町村など)、あるいはコミュニティ(商店街、町内会、NPO)などの 中においてのみ流通する。
*市民ないし市民団体(商店街やNPOなど)により発行される。
*無利子またはマイナス利子である。
*人と人をつなぎ相互交流を深めるリングとしての役割を持つ。
*価値観やある特定の関心事項を共有し、それを伝えていくメディアとしての側面を持つ。
*原則的に法定通貨とは交換できない。

以上、3、4ページより引用

ただし、明確に定義が決まっているわけではなく、「地域通貨の明確な定義はなく、したがってガイドラインも作成できない」「構造改革特区(第5次提案募集)及び地域再生(非予算)(第2次提案募集)に関する当室と各府省庁のやりとり」における、構造改革特別区域推進本部金融庁とのやり取りよりといった指摘もある。

概説

社会的に地域通貨がコミュニティー内で流通している例や、割引券のような役割を果たす地域通貨制度など、地域通貨の経済的効力は、地域通貨運動を行っているコミュニティーごとに異なる。

関連項目

外部リンク

Category:ローカリズム

wikipediaより

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